a founding member of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc., was one of the first Black actresses on Broadway. She was the Director of the Harlem School of the Arts and directed the theatrical debuts of Harry Belafonte and Sidney Poitier.
1st National President (1919-1923), was the nation's first woman to earn a Ph.D. in economics (1921). A distinguished attorney, she was among the founders of the National Bar Association (1925) and she was appointed to President Truman's Commission on Civil Rights (1945).
sculptor and painter, sculpted a life-sized bust of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. She was the conceptual designer of two major international projects: The International Children's Peace Park and the Monumental Statue of Nelson Mandela. Allen received the Essence Award, the Stellar Award and the Thurgood Marshall Lifetime Achievement Award.
was the first African-American woman general in the United States Army.
sculptor, won the 1943 Fine Arts Competition for the District of Columbia for a profile of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This artwork was adapted for the United States dime.
at age 26 became the first Black woman neurosurgeon in the United States. She specializes in pediatric neurosurgery.
was an internationally acclaimed sculptor and lithographer. She was best known for her vast range of artwork, including prints and life-sized sculptures.
the first Black woman member of the U.S. Congress, was the first African-American and first woman to run as a major party candidate for the presidency of the United States.
is an extraordinary actress with performance credits on stage, in film and on television. She has also written a collection of poetry.
is the Chairman Emerita of the Board for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).
noted attorney and 14th National President (1967-1971), was the first woman appointed to the Civil Rights Commission by President Lyndon B. Johnson and served 16 years.
served as Delta Sigma Theta Sorority, Inc.'s first Executive Director. She was also the first Black woman to be appointed ambassador to a European country (Luxembourg) and to be appointed to a presidential cabinet post as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). She was later appointed as Secretary of Health and Human Services. In January 2000, she was honored on the 23rd commemorative stamp in the United States Postal Service's Black Heritage Series. Other Deltas that have been ambassadors are Ann Holloway and Bynthis Perry.
10th National President (1947-1956), was appointed by President Carter to the Presidential Commission on a National Agenda for the 1980s. She served as president of the National Council of Negro Women for more than 40 years.
was the Secretary of Labor and a Cabinet Member in the administration of President William Clinton.
noted author, built her career on researching, publishing and raising the bar of how the experience of African-American women should be recorded. She was the first African-American to become the John A. Hannah Distinguished Professor of History at Michigan State University.
is the 18th President of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. She is the first African-American woman to head a leading technological university, the first African-American woman to earn a Ph.D. at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1973), and the first African-American woman to become a commissioner of the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
is the first woman to serve as Director-Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense Fund. She is also the first African-American woman graduate of the University of Virginia Law School and the first African-American woman elected to the American Bar Association Board of Governors.
was the first African-American to serve in the U.S. Congress from the South since Reconstruction. She was the first Black woman to preside over a state senate and the first African-American to deliver the keynote address at the Democratic National Convention.
was the first American woman to be admitted into the International Academy of Trial Lawyers. She was also the first female Deputy Solicitor General of the U.S. during the Nixon Administration.
served as Congresswoman for the 17th District of Florida for ten years. She was the first African-American elected to represent Florida in the United States House of Representatives since Reconstruction.
served as the President and CEO of the National Council of Negro Women.
was the first African-American chosen to represent the United States Congress of Women and to serve on the board of education of a major city.
was a Congresswoman in the United States House of Representatives for the 11th District of Ohio.
was the first African-American woman to serve as chief of a State Department bureau. She became Administrator of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs in 1968, served through 1974, and was re-appointed in 1977. Later that year, she became Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs.